This is what Edward Garb of the cybersecurity firm Atlas VPN recommends:
- Find out if your information was part of a data breach. First, you need to know which companies had a data breach that exposed your files. To find out, go to haveibeenpwned.com and enter all the email addresses that you use. This website checks if your email was a part of a data breach, providing you the name of the company compromised.
- A secure email address is great for keeping your communications private, but it will not help if your data is leaked in a data breach. Make sure that your main email address password does not match any other passwords that you use, since losing access to your main email can cause huge issues. Also, use two-factor authentication (2-FA) whenever possible, which will stop hackers from accessing your account even if they have your email address and password, because they won't have your phone, which is required to enter an account protected with 2-FA.
- Try to limit the data you share with companies. Use throw-away emails, do not fill out the information that is not required, and use aliases when possible. After you provide your information to a company, it's entirely out of your hands.